Subject: Conservation of materials and data
Course: Digital records preservation
ECTS credits: 3
Language: Croatian
Duration: 1 semester
Status: elective
Method of teaching: 1 hour lecture and 1 hour of seminar
Prerequisite: none
Assessment: written and oral exam

Course description:
Course starts with the overview of the history of preservation. Than a comparative analysis of traditional record and electronic record is given. Than follows the explanation of the structure of electronic records (physical, logical and conceptual level), differences in the formats for recording text, photographs, audio and video streams, multimedia etc. The multilayerness of the problem of digital preservation is shown. It is followed by the analysis of the problems concearning longevity, viewing, access, coding and interconnection of digital materials as well as responsibility for their archiving, format conversion and copyright. The role of metadata in the preservation of digital documents is explained. The lectures than cover the principles and methods of preservation of electronic materials (media refreshment, migration of records, emulation, virtual machine, universal virtual computer (UVC) etc.), authenticity in the digital environment, formats of interchange of preserved materials (XML etc.), principles and methods of protection of electronic records (security mechanisms, Decree on storage and special measures of technical protection of special categories of personal data issued by the Government of the Republic of Croatia, NN 139-04, procedures in case of catastrophe etc.). Overview of the standards and refference models important for the protection and long-term preservatio of electronic records (OAIS, EAD etc). Results of important international projects are shown (InterPares, PADI, PANDORA, NEDLIB, CAMiLEON etc.). Course ends with the information of the latest results of the research in the field of digital preservation.

Course objectives:
The main objective of the course is to gain knowledge of the problems and principles of protection of electronic records and their long-term preservation, techniques and methods of taking care of damaged electronic records as well as standards and international projects concearned with digital preservation along with future research tendencies in the field.

Quality check and success of the course: Quality check and success of the course will be done by combining internal and external evaluation. Internal evaluation will be done by teachers and students using survey method at the end of semester. The external evaluation will be done by colleagues attending the course, by monitoring and assessment of the course.

Reading list:
1. Diessn, Raymond J. van, Werf-Davelaar, Titia van der, Authenticity in a Digital Environment, KB/IBM Long-Term Preservation Study Report No. 2, IBM Netherlands, Amsterdam, 2002., <http://www.kb.nl/>
2. Lavoie, Brian F., The Open Archival Information System Reference Model: Introductory Guide, DPC Technology Watch Series Report 04-01, OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. and Digital Preservation Coalition, 2004., <http://www.dpconline.org/docs/lavoie_OAIS.pdf>
3. Stančić, Hrvoje, Očuvanje elektroničkih informacijskih objekata: arhivi, knjižnice, muzeji – zajednička koncepcija, u: Katić, Tinka (ur.), Zbornik 7. seminara Arhivi, knjižnice, muzeji, Hrvatsko knjižničarsko društvo, Zagreb, 2004., str. 26-35.
4. Stančić, Hrvoje, Sustavi zaštite kao preduvjet za dokazivanje autentičnosti digitalnog gradiva, u: 5. seminar Arhivi, knjižnice i muzeji. Mogućnosti suradnje u okruženju globalne informacijske infrastrukture, Zagreb, 2002., str. 26-31.
5. Thibodeau, Kenneth, Overview of Technological Approaches to Digital Preservation and Challenges in Coming Years, u: The State of Digital Preservation: An International Perspective, Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), Washington, D.C., SAD, srpanj 2002., str. 4-31.
6. Uredba o načinu pohranjivanja i posebnim mjerama tehničke zaštite posebnih kategorija osobnih podataka Vlade RH, NN 139/04

Additional reading list:
1. Duranti, Luciana, Estwood, Terry, MacNeil, Heather, Preservation of the Integrity of Electronic Records, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Nizozemska, 2002.
2. Long-term Preservation of Authentic ER: Findings of the InterPARES Project, The, 2001., <http://www.interpares.org/book/index.htm>
3. Jones, Maggie, Beagrie, Neil, Preservation Management of Digital Materials. A Handbook, The British Library, London, 2001.; on-line verzija na: <http://www.dpconline.org>
4. Schneier, Bruce, Secrets & Lies. Digital Security in a Networked World, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, 2000.
5. Webb, Colin, Digital Preservation – A Many-Layerd Thing: Experience at the National Library of Australia, u: The State of Digital Preservation: An International Perspective, Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), Washington, D.C., SAD, srpanj 2002., str. 65-77.
6. Ždrnja, Bojan, Što su i kako rade virusi, Biblioteka Prvi korak, Bug & SysPrint, Zagreb, 2003.